The following provides an overview of existing looted art/Judaica as well as provenance research databases worldwide. For a more in-depth description as well as information on the various organizations that administer the databases listed below, please see section on: Resources: National Organizations.
Please also note that databases of individual museums are not listed in this section. For country specific information, please also refer to section on Resources: National Organizations.
The International Research Portal for Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property is the result of collaboration among archives and research institutions from a variety of countries to provide online access to widely-dispersed records of the Nazi Era. The online research tool is dedicated to extending public access to the widely-dispersed records of the Nazi era. The Claims Conference is a participant in its own right but also has enabled through its various projects the involvement of many of the other governmental and non-governmental participant organizations.
The database Cultural Plunder of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg: Art Objects at the Jeu de Paume was created by the Claims Conference based on archives from several countries.
On January 1st, 2020 the Jewish Digital Cultural Recovery Project (JDCRP) launched its pilot project co-funded by the European Union (EU): The Fate of the Adolphe Schloss Collection. The Pilot Project will create a model for a comprehensive object-level database of art and other cultural objects looted by the National Socialists and their allies.
The German Historical Museum (Deutsches Historisches Museum, DHM) provides three databases:
a) Sonderauftrag Linz (Special Commission Linz)
b) Munich Central Collecting Point Database
c) Hermann Göring Database
The Getty Provenance Index Databases by the Getty Research Institute provides access to the following resources:
a) German Sales Catalogs (1930-1945) covering bibliographic information on more than 2,000 German Sales Catalogs published between 1930 and 1945;
b) Collectors Files;
c) The Sales Catalogs Files covering countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia from 1650 to 1945.
Looted Valuables: The Holocaust Asset Collection is part of the Fold3 archival material relating to looted cultural property. The online available records coming from the National Archives and Records Administration of the United States include the following collections: Ardelia Hall Collection – Records Concerning the Central Collecting Points; Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS) Records; Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Records; Roberts Commission Records; U.S. Allied Commission for Austria (USACA) Records; Safehaven Records; Records of the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States;
Entartete Kunst database (Degenerate Art database) has been published by the Freie Universität Berlin.
The Victoria & Albert Museum (V&A) holds the only known copy of a complete inventory of “Entartete Kunst” confiscated by the Nazi regime from public institutions between 1937 and 1938. The list, with more than 16,000 entries, was produced by the Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda (Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda) in 1942. The lists are accessible online.
The portal of the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) offers access to information on Holocaust-related archival material held in institutions across Europe and beyond: this includes information on 57 countries (“National Reports”); information on 1,834 archival institutions in 50 countries; as well as information on 125,445 archival descriptions in 377 institutions.
The JDC Archive is online available and provides access to over 1,7 million pages and photographs from its founding in 1914 to the present.
The Leo Baeck Institute provides a significant subset of its collection online, which includes archival manuscripts, memoirs, books and periodicals as well as audio recordings.
The Jewish Heritage Network provides access to 714,152 records from 26 sources, including archival recources, Hebrew mansucripts or for example photographs.
Yerusha is an online platform which unites Jewish archival heritage held in hundreds of archives, libraries and museums across Europe. The database will be accessible to the public in 2021.
The Claims Conference/WJRO has published a Descriptive Catalogue of Looted Judaica (created 2009 and partially updated 2016).
The Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945
created an object database, which contains details of over 25,000 objects of all kinds – paintings, drawings, antiquities, Judaica, etc – looted, missing and/or identified from over fifteen countries.
The Art Recovery Group provides access to the database “ArtClaim” for lost, stolen and disputed works of art and cultural heritage.
IFAR, the International Foundation for Art Research, provides access to a number of Catalogues Raisonnés.
ArThemis is a searchable database containing case notes about art and cultural property disputes settled through alternative resolution methods or traditional judicial proceedings.
The Art Loss Register maintains a database of stolen art, antiques and collectables.
Jewish Heritage Europe, a project of the Rothschild Foundation (Hanadiv) Europe, is a web portal to news, information and resources concerning Jewish monuments and heritage sites all over Europe.
Judaica Europeana works with libraries, archives and museums and EUROPEANA to provide integrated access to digital collections, which document the Jewish presence and heritage in Europe.
The Art Database of the National Fund of the Republic of Austria provides information on about 9,400 objects with provenance gaps held by Austria’s federal insitutions as well as objects owned by the city of Vienna. An English edition is also available.
The Commission for Provenance Research provides online access to the Commission’s restitution reports.
The Museum of Fine Arts (Kunsthistorisches Museum) in Vienna together with the Commission for Provenance Research launched a database on the index cards of the central depository regarding seized collections (“Die Karteien des Zentraldepots beschlagnahmter Sammlungen“).
The Wien Museum provides access to five searchable online listings: 1. List of objects – Vugesta purchases 1940-1945, 2. List of objects – Dorotheum purchases 1940-1945, 3. Purchases from art and antique dealers, 4. Public donations, and 5. Purchases and donations by Julius Fargel 1938-1945.
The Findbuch provides access to file holdings relating to National Socialist property seizure and restitution and compensation proceedings which are held at Austria’s State Archives and other cooperating archives.
The Dokumentationsarchiv des Österreichischen Widerstandes (Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance) provides access to an online database of about 64,000 Austrian Jewish Holocaust Victims.
The Encyclopedia of Austrian Provenance Research – Lexikon der Österreichischen Provenienzforschung – is an online accessible lexica that provides information on people and institutions, which were active in Austria’s cultural institutions as art dealers or collectors between 1930 und 1960.
The Adolph Lehmann’s allgemeiner Wohnungs-Anzeiger (Housing Gazetteer) is an online available apartment index for the years 1859 to 1942.
The online Encyclopedia of Austrian Provenance Research, a project by the Commission for Provenance Research, provides information on individuals and institutions who were active in the museum sector, cultural policy, collecting, and the art trade in Austria between 1930 and 1960.
The website Restitution-Art provides access to a Database of Works of Art from the Property of Victims of the Holocaust identified as confiscated by the Nazis and held in public collections in the Czech Republic.
The Documentation Centre for Property Transfers of the Cultural Assets of WW II victims provides online access to a database of works of art identified by the Documentation Centre. The database currently lists 1,778 records, some of which are simply labeled as “Jewish Property”.
The French Ministry of Culture (Directorate of Museums) maintains a database of approximately 2,000 MNR (Site Rose-Valland, Musées nationaux Récupération) artworks, stolen from French Jews by the Nazis that remain to date in the custody of French museums.
The French Foreign Ministry maintains a database of artworks stolen from and restored to the Schloss family.
The Commission for the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation (CIVS) provides access to the TED (= tableau et dessin) database that lists paintings and drawings mentioned in files submitted by families to the CIVS. In the specific case of collections spoliated by the ERR or MNR works, the data in the files have been supplemented by information from the corresponding websites.
The Fondation Custodia is an electronic resource that enables research of provenance markings in the form of stamps on drawings, printed graphics and in books.
The Bibliothèque de l’Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art provides an online listing of 7,821 French auction catalogs, including of the Hôtel Drouot, Paris.
The Mémorial de la Shoah provides partial online access to its archives, including its victims database – a listing of names of Jews deported from France as well as of those who died in internment camps in France, internees and victims of executions, as well as the database of Jewish Resistance members listed by the Association des Anciens de la Résistance Juive en France (ARJF-OJC).
The Lost Art database administered by the German Lost Art Foundation lists cultural objects which were relocated, moved or seized, especially from Jewish owners, during the Holocaust. Lost Art also provides information for cultural objects with provenance gaps located in Finland, Israel, Luxembourg, Austria and Switzerland, as well as objects sought by Italy, Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic and the Ukraine.
Lost Art also maintains a database of 458 artworks that are part of the so-called Gurlitt Art Trove. The “Gurlitt Provenance Research” project, which is part of the the German Lost Art Foundation, completed the review of 1,039 artworks, including 724 completed reviews and 315 works labeled as “degenerative art” and therefore the responsibility of the Kunstmuseum Bern. As of September 2020, 647 case reports are viewable on the German Lost Art Foundation website.
For the Claims Conference review of the Gurlitt Provenance Research results, please click here.
Proveana, a research database of the German Lost Art Foundation, displays the results of research projects that were funded by the Foundation. The “Modul Forschungsergebnisse” (Research Results Module) is the predecessor version of the research database “Proveana”.
The Federal Archives (Bundesarchiv) of Germany released an online Memorial Book entitled Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933 – 1945, which holds more than 170,000 names. Information on the list of Jewish Residents in German Reich 1933-1945 is also available on Federal Archive’s website.
The Federal Archives holds records concerning the seizure, disposal and restitution of Nazi-Era looted cultural property. These archival holdings are located in record groups NS 8 (Kanzlei Rosenberg), NS 30 (Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg), and B 323 (Treuhandverwaltung für Kulturgut bei der Oberfinanzdirektion München) and are online accessible.
The Landesarchiv Berlin published an online restitution database that offers the possibility of researching the procedural files of the restitution offices of Berlin. The basis for the records in the online version is the alphabetical card index of aggrieved parties kept in the Wiedergutmachungsämter (restitution offices).
The organization Tracing the Past provides access to the 1939 German Minority Census Database. The organization is aiming to eventually release a database entitled Mapping the Lives – The interactive database with street maps of the persecuted in Europe 1933–1945.
The Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte reconstructed the stock in the so-called Führerbau in Munich as part of its project „Führerbau-Diebstahl 1945“ (Führerbau Theft 1945). The 2019 report, entitled “Reconstruction of the ‘Führerbau theft’ at the end of April 1945 and research on the whereabouts of the objects” [“Rekonstruktion des ‘Führerbau-Diebstahls’ Ende April 1945 und Recherchen zum Verbleib der Objekte Summarischer Projektbericht”] includes two appendices: 1. “List of objects that were apparently stolen from the ‘Führerbau’ at the end of April 1945 and are still missing or have resurfaced but have not been restituted”, and 2. “List of objects that were apparently stolen at the end of April 1945 stolen from the ‘Führerbau’ (or from the “Verwaltungsbau”), later found and brought to the CCP Munich”.
The provenance database of the Looted Cultural Assets project, a joint project of the Badische Landesbibliothek, the Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Judaicum Library, the Institute for the History of the German Jews, the Berlin University Library, the Potsdam University Library, and the Berlin Central and Regional Libraries, currently includes more than 32,000 references to former owners of books and information on about 10,000 persons and institutions.
The database Galerie Heinemann online provides information regarding the art trade at Munich’s Galerie Heinemann between 1890 and 1939.
The records of the German auction house Adolf Weinmüller are available online. Adolf Weinmüller’s two auction houses, based in Munich and Vienna, were responsible for the sale of 32,000 works of art between 1936 and 1944, with many objects probably stolen from Jews. The database offers information on 150,000 objects stemming from all 33 annotated catalogues from the Munich branch, and from 11 out of 18 annotated catalogues of Weinmüller’s Vienna based auction house.
In March 2017, the Mosse community of heirs together with the Freie Universität Berlin founded the Mosse Art Research Initiative (MARI).
The project Alfred Flechtheim.com – Kunsthändler der Avantgarde created a virtual exhibition of more than 300 paintings in 14 cultural institutions in Germany and one in Switzerland. Alfred Flechtheim’s gallery was forecully liquidated in 1933.
In July 2020, the Annotated Online Edition of Three of Hans Posse’s Five Travel Diaries (1939-1942), a project by the German Lost Art Foundation and the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, was published.
The Fachinformationsdienst Kunst – arthistoricum.net is a virtual library which provides access to literature and documents relating to art history.
A list of unresolved claims as of September 2006 for art and cultural property filed by the Claims Conference with the German restitution authorities regarding the former East Germany.
The Heidelberg University Library digitized thousands of pages of Weltkunst, a journal of the German and international art market, covering the years 1931 until 1944, featuring auctions in Germany, Switzerland and Austria.
The Julius Böhler art transaction database was made available in June 2021. Founded in 1880, the Munich art gallery Julius Böhler was one of the largest art dealerships in the German-speaking world in the first half of the 20th century.
The Munich based Hugo Helbing annotated auction house catalogues, dating from 1885 until 1937, are available online. An online exhibition provides information on Hugo Helbing himself, his auction house and the research conducted by the Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte (ZI).
Project Heritage Revealed produced a Catalog of Art Objects from Hungarian Private Collections.
Hashava – The Company for Location and Restitution of Holocaust Victims’ Assets – provides a list of assets in Israel. Please note that Hashava ceased to exist in December 2017, although the website remains active.
The Israel Museum provides access to three online listings: 1. paintings; 2. prints and drawings; and 3. Jewish Art; The lists contain cultural objects received by the museum’s predecessor from the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO) and the Jewish Cultural Reconstruction (JCR).
The Netherlands Museum Association provides an online database entitled “Museum Acquisitions From 1933 Onwards” which lists objects with provenance gaps held at Dutch museums. Please see: http://www.musealeverwervingen.nl/
NIOD (Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies) provides online access to its ERR (Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg) collection, covering the years 1942-1943. The files, which were digitized with the support of the Claims Conference, document the emptying of houses abandoned by Jews, the inventories which were drawn up of the household effects and their transport to Germany.
The Goudstikker Art Research Project aims to reconstruct the collection of the art collector and art dealer Jacques Goudstikker at the time of the art theft in 1940. The missing artworks are lised on lostart.de.
The Netherlands Institute for Art History provides information on the Goudstikker-Miedl archive which comprises of over 1,500 index cards. These index cards originally belonged to Jacques Goudstikker but in September 1940 were acquired by banker Alois Miedl.
The RKD, Netherlands Institute for Art History, provides access to its collection “Archief Kunsthandel Goudstikker.”
The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland launched a website of Poland’s wartime losses, entitled “The Division for Looted Art”.
The Jewish Historical Institute provides partial online access to its archive.
The Central Judaica Database of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews created a database of Judaica in Polish museums, archives and private collections. The first stage of the project has consisted in digitizing selected artifacts from the collections of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews and the Jewish Historical Institute.
The Project “Heritage Revealed” created two catalogs: 1. Catalogue of Manuscripts and Archival Materials of Juedisch-Theologisches Seminar in Breslau Held in Russian Depositories; and 2. Manuscripts and Archival Documents of the Vienna Jewish Community held in Russian Collections.
The project “Cultural Values - Victims of War”, part of the Ministry of Cultural Affairs of the Russian Federation, provides three listings: 1. lost cultural objects, 2. cultural objects returned to Russia, and 3. displaced cultural property;
The Federal Office for Culture provides various provenance research reports, among them a report from December 2020 entitled “Aktualisierung des Berichts des Bundesamtes für Kultur «Kulturgüter im Eigentum der Eidgenossenschaft: Untersuchung zum Zeitraum 1933 bis 1945“. The website also offers an overview of cultural institutions in Switzerland that conduct provenance research.
The Foundation E.G. Bührle Collection provides online access to its collection, which includes provenance research.
The Central State Archives of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine (TsDAVO) provides access to its ERR (Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg) collection.
The Collections Trust website provides information on provenance research and contact information for national museums and galleries as well as for non-national museums.
The National Archives of the United Kingdom holds records on the systematic looting of works of art and cultural property throughout Europe by Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945. The records have been identified, described and introduced by the Commission for Looted Art in Europe in partnership with The National Archives.
United States of America
The AAM (American Association of Museums) established the Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal, a central registry of objects in U.S. museums that could have changed hands in Europe during the Nazi era, 1933-1945.
The Monuments Men Foundation For The Preservation of Art archive holds 6,850 archival documents, including letters, diaries and nearly 115,000 digital assets, as well as oral histories with some members of the Monuments Men.
The Library of Congress provides online access to the Katalog der Privat-Gallerie Adolf Hitlers, an album of 74 reproductions of paintings and two tapestries in Adolf Hitler’s private art collection including portraits of his family.
The Frick Digital Collections provide access to photoarchive images and documentation, book materials, Frick Collection images, and archival documents.
The Kress Collection Digital Archive holds information on the development of a collection of more than 3,000 works of European art amassed by Samuel H. Kress and his foundation, and then donated to over 95 art and educational institutions throughout the United States.